The article analyzes sub-national international politics, examining the external dimensions that promote, stimulate and / or limit the establishment of the different strategies. Specifically, it seeks to investigate the influence that the dynamics and transformations of the international, regional and national context establish on the development of subnational international participation. In this sense, the world scenario has been addressed since the last decades, emphasizing the current trends of these processes. At the regional level, it is considered that at the beginning of the 21st century, governments agreed to revalue the role of the State vis-à-vis the market, and prioritize Latin American integration and cooperation. Given these transformations of the context in recent decades, we seek to investigate whether in the case of Argentina they caused alterations in the international linkage of sub-national states. Included within this dimension is the analysis of the orientation and objectives of Argentine foreign policy and its influence on subnational international participation.