In Mexico, the governance of the metropolises has been aimed at promoting processes of reform and institutional change. In those dynamics different sectors of society look at the control and regulation of the functioning of the urban environment. The resulting institutionalism is looking for obtaining a common responsibility that solves problems with methods of government cooperation and coordination. The objective of this work is to analyze the components of metropolitan governance that exist in the Mexican context, highlighting their main characteristics, structures and the way they operate to identify their scope and limitations. This contributes to the development of proposals for government strategies that improve the existing collaboration structure. The reference for analysis is the Metropolitan Area of Toluca, considered one of the most representative cities in the country in the implementation of governance strategies.