The role played by the Hispano-colonial Cabildos in the process of formation of the new republics has always been the subject of doctrinal controversy. In general, they enjoy a broad consensus of two ideas: first, that the Creole elites relied on the municipal institution to promote the process; and, secondly, that they activated the Restricted Open Councils, to get broad social support for their independence projects. On the contrary, it is recent recognition that the doctrines that dominated the lobbying debates that the independents gestated were clearly Hispanic. For a long time, and for political reasons, the influence of French and American doctrines was exaggerated. And this influenced the consideration that Spanish municipalism stopped influencing the Ibero-American space, implanting Anglo-Saxon models in the new republics.