This paper will discuss the return to the countryside of people socialised in both urban and rural environments (who at some point had decided to go to the city and then return to their native rural space), under a transversal gender approach. This phenomenon known as neo-ruralism is associated with the main milestones of the urbanisation process and the construction of the contemporary world (such as the REVISTA IBEROAMERICANA DE GOBIERNO LOCAL, ISSN: 2173-8254 ISSN: 2173-8254 NÚMERO 20 DICIEMBRE 2021 counterculture, the rural exodus, the hippie movement, etc.). And it is also, particularly in the case of female neo-ruralism, one of the most powerful weapons in the fight against the pressing problems of our peoples: ageing and depopulation. Despite the above, academic production on this subject is insufficient, which is why this work is of particular relevance. Finally, it should be noted that a qualitative methodology has been followed, within which the method of bibliographical review and more specifically the critical analysis of discourse has been used. All of this has been carried out from a gender perspective that crosses all assertions.